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With a life expectancy of 55 years and an adult literacy rate of only 29 percent, the United Nations Human Development Report ranks Niger 186th out of 187 countries. The majority of people in this large, arid country depend on subsistence farming for their food; however, year after year, successful livelihoods are severely limited by a number of factors. Roughly half of the people in Niger do not regularly have enough food to eat. In addition to chronic problems, recent crises such as droughts, floods and instability in neighboring countries have exacerbated problems in a country where challenges already run deep.